The Schengen Area comprises the territories of 26 European countries that have implemented the Schengen Agreement signed in the town of Schengen, Luxembourg in 1985. There are currently 26 Schengen countries.
Belgium, France, Germany, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal and Spain implemented the agreement in 1995. They were followed by Italy and Austria in 1997, Greece in 2000, and Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Norway and Iceland in 2001.
Nine more members joined in 2007; they are the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Lithuania, Latvia, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia. Switzerland implemented the agreement on 12 December 2008.
The UK and Ireland have opted out of the Schengen Agreement. The UK wants to maintain its own borders, and Ireland prefers to preserve its free movement arrangement with the UK – called the Common Travel Area – rather than join the Schengen Agreement.
The complete list of Schengen countries are:
Schengen visa countries – click on flag for deals